Red Yeast Rice Side Effects

By: Foodchem International Corporation  08/28/2014
Keywords: Foodchem

Red Fermented Rice CAS# 133876-92-3, is a red rice powder manufactured through fermentation, available as Red-brown to amaranth powder . Red Yeast Rice is widely used as colorant. It is widely accepted as safe food additive in many countries.
Is there some safety and/or health risk about Red Yeast Rice that consumers need to know? Let's check out some basic facts about this ingredient.
GRAS Exemptions: No

Though Red Yeast Rice is not on FDA's GRAS exemption list, it's still widely accepted as safe food additive in many countries including USA with specific limit on dosage.
Suggested Dosage

As Red Yeast Rice is widely known as safe, there is no limit on dosage of intake. However, we still recommend consumers to consult professionals before using large quantity of Red Yeast Rice for long period.
Special Groups Precaution

Special groups refer to newborns, children, pregnant and any other applicable vulnerable groups.
Red Yeast Rice may have some affect on pregnant women. We recommend consumers to consult professionals before using Red Yeast Rice in food of pregnant women.
General Side Effects

Red yeast rice that is not fermented correctly may contain citrinin which can cause kidney damage. Red yeast rice can cause stomach discomfort, heartburn, intestinal gas, headache, and dizziness in specific groups of individuals.
Reported Health Issues

1. Doctor`s Best Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Red Yeast Rice due to Undeclared Lovastatin
Reference: http://www.fda.gov/Safety/Recalls/ucm402584.htm
Related Research

1. Red yeast rice and coenzyme Q10 as safe alternatives to surmount atorvastatin-induced myopathy in hyperlipidemic rats. [Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2014 Jun]
Author: Abdelbaset M, Safar MM, Mahmoud SS, Negm SA, Agha AM.

2. Red yeast rice improves lipid pattern, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and vascular remodeling parameters in moderately hypercholesterolemic Italian subjects. [Nutr Res. 2013 Aug]
Author: Cicero AF, Derosa G, Parini A, Maffioli P, D'Addato S, Reggi A, Giovannini M, Borghi C.

3. Red yeast rice lowers cholesterol in physicians - a double blind, placebo controlled randomized trial. [BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Jul 18]
Author: Verhoeven V, Lopez Hartmann M, Remmen R, Wens J, Apers S, Van Royen P.

4. The role of red yeast rice for the physician. [Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2011 Feb]
Author: Gordon RY, Becker DJ.

5. Safety and efficacy of red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus) as an alternative therapy for hyperlipidemia. [P T. 2009 Jun]
Author: Klimek M, Wang S, Ogunkanmi A.
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Keywords: Foodchem

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