Periodontal Disease Treatment

By: Edgar Dentistry  09/24/2014
Keywords: Periodontal Disease

Periodontal (gum) disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis, is a serious infection that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word "periodontal" literally means around the tooth. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed. In the mildest form of the disease, gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional periodontal disease treatment and good oral home care. Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body in essence turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Most of the time this detrruction happens below the surface of the gumline and goes unnoticed by the patient. The gums attacment to the roots degenerates, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that probe deeper than normal and become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more bone is destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed if periodontal disease treatment was not initiated early enough.

Keywords: Periodontal Disease

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